The Charitable Gift Annuity

Shawn Plummer

CEO, The Annuity Expert

A charitable gift annuity is a type of donation that allows you to give back to your favorite charity and receive payments in return. It is a great way to support a cause that is important to you while also receiving income during your retirement years. This guide will discuss how charitable gift annuities work and how you can donate to receive them!

What Is A Charitable Gift Annuity?

A charitable gift annuity (CGA) is a concept whereby a donor makes a gift of money or property to a charity, and the charity gives back an agreed-upon income stream to the donor for the remainder of their life or joint lives.

If the actuarial value of the annuity is less than the value of the property transferred, then the difference in value constitutes a charitable deduction for federal tax purposes.

CGAs are not investments.

Annuity payments are tax-free partial returns of the donor’s gift based on actuarial life expectancy tables.

To qualify as a charitable organization under federal law, the entity must be one described in either Section 501(c)(3) or Section 170(c) of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC).

The American Council on Gift Annuities (ACGA) established the maximum rates of return typically paid on these uninsured annuities.

Gift annuity payments are fixed. So the income never goes down or up.

How A Charitable Annuity Works

Charitable gift annuities are a type of charitable giving program offered by nonprofit organizations. With a charitable gift annuity, the donor makes a charitable contribution to the organization in exchange for a guaranteed income stream for the donor or another designated beneficiary. The income payments are typically made regularly, such as monthly or quarterly, and maybe for a specific period of time or the remainder of the beneficiary’s life.

Charitable gift annuities can be a good option for donors who want to make a charitable contribution but also want a stable source of income in return. The income payments from a charitable gift annuity may be tax-free or partially tax-free, depending on the terms of the contract and the donor’s tax situation.

To set up a charitable gift annuity, the donor typically contacts the nonprofit organization and expresses an interest in establishing an annuity. The organization will provide information on the terms of the annuity, including the income payment amount and duration, and will work with the donor to complete any necessary paperwork. The donor then makes a charitable contribution to the organization, which is typically a lump sum payment or a series of payments over time.

Charitable gift annuities can be a win-win situation for both the donor and the nonprofit organization. The donor receives a guaranteed income stream and may also receive tax benefits, while the nonprofit organization receives a charitable contribution that helps support its mission. It is essential to consider the terms of the annuity carefully and to consult with a financial advisor and attorney before committing to a charitable gift annuity.

Tax-Free Income

The payments you receive from a charitable gift annuity are tax-free and can help supplement your retirement income. Additionally, the donation itself is tax-deductible. Charitable gift annuities can be an excellent way to support a cause you care about while also receiving financial benefits.

The Drawbacks

While there are many benefits to establishing a charitable gift annuity, there are some drawbacks to consider. First, you will not be able to access the money you donate until you reach retirement age. Additionally, your payments may not keep up with inflation if the interest rate remains low. Finally, your beneficiaries will not receive anything if you pass away before receiving payments.

Charitable Gift Annuities are not insured.

A charity could become insolvent and be unable to make annuity payments. Any state guaranty fund does not protect most gift annuities.

The National Association of Insurance Commissioners has adopted two models to regulate CGAs.

  1. The Charitable Annuities Model Act (#240) contains a complex licensing scheme for CGAs.
  2. The Charitable Gift Annuities Exemption Model Act (#241) calls for a simplified registration mechanism.

Who offers a charitable gift annuity?

Many individuals are charitably inclined later in life. They want to benefit their school alma mater, church, synagogue, or temple. They want to give away assets while living but would still like some form of income from those assets while still alive.

The Charitable Gift Annuity can satisfy the desire to make gifts while still living to improve retirement cash flow. Many charitable and religious organizations will accept gifts for charitable gift annuities and then purchase an immediate annuity to fund the cash flow promised on a charitable gift annuity. This allows the charity to utilize the remaining funds after purchasing the immediate annuity. In this way, an individual donor can benefit the charity while at the same time turning a non-productive asset into a lifetime income stream.

The charity benefits, the donor benefits, and the donors receive lifetime cash flow and an income tax deduction based on the value of the gift remaining with the charity.

This makes for a win-win situation for everyone.

What is a Deferred Gift Annuity?

A deferred charitable gift annuity is when you give your money; in return, the charity pays you fixed payments for the rest of your life. They start on a day you choose at least one year after the money is given.

How Do Charitable Gift Annuities Work?

How is the amount of the annuity determined?

  • The payments under a gift annuity contract differ based on the annuitant’s age—generally, the older the annuitant, the greater the rate.
  • The rates for charitable gift annuities are often lower than those offered by insurance companies. However, a retirement annuity may be better if you want to make the most of your lifetime income.
  • A gift annuity may be ideal if you wish to make a charitable donation while receiving an income tax deduction and fixed payments for the rest of your life.

What tax benefits are associated with gift annuities?

  • If you itemize your deductions, a portion of the money donated in exchange for a gift annuity can be claimed as a federal income tax charitable deduction.
  • The annuitant’s monthly payment is calculated by subtracting the present value of the projected payments over the life expectancy at retirement.
  • Charities that provide gift annuities frequently include quotes illustrating the benefits of a gift annuity.

How will my payments be taxed?

  1. If you fund a gift annuity with cash, the first portion of your payments will be taxed as ordinary income, and the other portion will be tax-free. If you fund the gift annuity with long-term assets that have appreciated, such as stocks or real estate, a portion of the payments will be taxed as ordinary income, a portion as capital gain, and a portion may be tax-free. The payouts will generally be taxed as regular income in the end.
  2. The annuitant will receive a Form 1099-R from the charity that issues the annuity each year. This form describes how the payments should be recorded for income tax purposes.

Charitable Gift Annuity At a Glance

Charitable Gift AnnuityVariable
Fixed Index
Principal ProtectionNoNoYesYesYes
Access To PrincipalNoYesYesYesNo
Control Over MoneyNoYesYesYesNo
Tax-Deferred GrowthNoYesYesYesNo
Guaranteed GrowthNoNoYesYesNo
Guaranteed IncomeNoYesYesYesYes
Inflation ProtectionNoYesYesNoYes
Death BenefitMaybeYesYesYesYes/No
Long-Term Care HelpNoYesYesYesNo
Tax DeductionYesNoNoNoNo
GuaranteesNoState GuarantyState GuarantyState GuarantyState Guaranty

Next Steps

If you are interested in establishing a charitable gift annuity, contact your favorite charity to learn more. They will be able to provide you with information about the process and help you get started. Donating to a worthy cause has never been easier or more rewarding! Also, contact us for a quote if you’re interested in standard annuities with better protection.

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Shawn Plummer

CEO, The Annuity Expert

I’m a licensed financial professional focusing on annuities and insurance for more than a decade. My former role was training financial advisors, including for a Fortune Global 500 insurance company. I’ve been featured in Time Magazine, Yahoo! Finance, MSN, SmartAsset, Entrepreneur, Bloomberg, The Simple Dollar, U.S. News and World Report, and Women’s Health Magazine.

The Annuity Expert is an online insurance agency servicing consumers across the United States. My goal is to help you take the guesswork out of retirement planning or find the best insurance coverage at the cheapest rates for you. 

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