The Grantor Retained Annuity Trust

Shawn Plummer

CEO, The Annuity Expert

What is a Grantor Retained Annuity Trust (GRAT)?

A Grantor Retained Annuity Trust (GRAT) is a financial instrument used in estate planning to minimize taxes on large financial gifts to family members. In a GRAT, an individual, known as the grantor, places assets into a trust for a set period. During this period, the grantor receives annual payments, or annuities, from the trust. At the end of the term, the remaining assets in the trust pass to the beneficiaries, typically the grantor’s heirs, with potentially reduced gift taxes.

Annuity Trusts

Pros of a GRAT

  1. Tax Efficiency: GRATs can significantly reduce estate and gift taxes on transferred assets.
  2. Fixed Annuity Payments: The grantor receives stable, predictable payments, regardless of the trust’s asset performance.
  3. Asset Growth Outside of Estate: Any appreciation of assets beyond the annuity payments grows outside of the grantor’s estate, benefiting heirs.
  4. Flexibility in Funding: GRATs can be funded with various assets, including stocks and real estate.
Grantor Retained Annuity Trust

Cons of a GRAT

  1. Mortality Risk: If the grantor dies during the trust term, assets might be included in the estate, negating tax benefits.
  2. Performance Risk: If the trust assets do not perform well, there may be little to no benefit passed to the beneficiaries.
  3. Complexity and Costs: Establishing and managing a GRAT can be complex and incur legal and administrative costs.
  4. Irrevocability: Once established, a GRAT is generally irrevocable, limiting the grantor’s access to the assets.
Grantor Retained Annuity Trusts

GRAT at a Glance

PurposeMinimize estate and gift taxes
StructureTrust with annuity payments to grantor
BeneficiariesTypically heirs of the grantor
DurationFixed term (often 2-10 years)
Asset TypesStocks, real estate, etc.
Tax BenefitReduced gift taxes on asset transfer
RevocabilityGenerally irrevocable
RiskDependent on grantor’s lifespan and asset performance
Retained Annuity Trust


A Grantor Retained Annuity Trust is a strategic tool for estate planning, offering tax efficiency and asset transfer benefits, albeit with certain risks and complexities. It is vital for individuals considering a GRAT to understand both its advantages and limitations to ensure it aligns with their estate planning objectives.

Contact us today for a free quote.

Need Help Getting Life Insurance Coverage?

Contact us if you need help purchasing a life insurance policy. The service is free of charge.

Life Insurance Inquiry

*Disclosure: Some of the links in this guide may be affiliate links. I may receive a commission at no cost to you if you purchase a policy. It helps us keep the lights on!

Shawn Plummer

CEO, The Annuity Expert

Shawn Plummer is a licensed financial professional, insurance agent, and annuity broker with over 14 years of first-hand experience with annuities and insurance. Since beginning his journey in 2009, he has been pivotal in selling and educating about annuities and insurance products. Still, he has also played an instrumental role in training financial advisors for a prestigious Fortune Global 500 insurance company, Allianz. His insights and expertise have made him a sought-after voice in the industry, leading to features in renowned publications such as Time Magazine, Bloomberg, Entrepreneur, Yahoo! Finance, MSN, SmartAsset, The Simple Dollar, U.S. News and World Report, Women’s Health Magazine, and many more. Shawn’s driving ambition? To simplify retirement planning, he ensures his clients understand their choices and secure the best insurance coverage at unbeatable rates.

The Annuity Expert is an independent online insurance agency servicing consumers across the United States. The goal is to help you take the guesswork out of retirement planning and find the best insurance coverage at the cheapest rates

Scroll to Top