Fixed Index Annuities

Shawn Plummer, CRPC

Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor

What Is A Fixed Index Annuity?

A Fixed Index Annuity (FIA) is a type of fixed annuity that earns interest based on the performance of a specific market index, such as the S&P 500, or a fixed interest rate.

Your money isn’t actually invested in the market. Instead, the index serves as a “measuring stick” to determine how much interest you can earn in a given year. Unlike direct investments in the stock market, an FIA offers potential growth while providing a safety net. This means that your principal remains protected even if the market declines.

For example, an FIA owner could choose to earn interest in 2024 based on the NASDAQ’s performance or a fixed 10% interest rate for the year.

The key difference between a Multi-Year Guaranteed Annuity (MYGA) and a Fixed Index Annuity (FIA) lies in how interest is earned and declared. With a MYGA, the interest rate is locked in for the entire contract term, providing a predictable return. In contrast, the interest rate for an FIA can change annually based on the current interest rate environment and the performance of the chosen index.

Regardless of how an FIA owner grows their account, all earned interest is “locked in” through an Annual Reset. This means that once you earn the interest, it cannot decrease based on future market performance.

Key Features And Benefits

  • Protection from Market Downside: FIAs offer a safety net for your principal investment, ensuring it is insulated from market fluctuations. This protection provides peace of mind, knowing your savings are secure even when the market is volatile.
  • Potential for Growth: Unlike traditional fixed annuities, FIAs allow you to benefit from market gains. Your earnings are based on a formula linked to a stock market index, offering a chance for significant growth without the risks associated with direct stock market investments.
  • Tax-Deferred Growth: FIAs grow tax-deferred, meaning you don’t pay taxes on the interest or investment gains until you make withdrawals. This feature can accelerate your savings growth compared to taxable accounts.
  • Guaranteed Income Options: FIAs can be structured to provide a consistent income stream throughout your retirement, ensuring financial stability and predictability.
  • Customizable Riders: Many FIAs offer optional riders that can be added to tailor your annuity to meet specific financial goals, such as enhanced income, long-term care coverage, or death benefits for your beneficiaries.
Fixed Index Annuities Pros And Cons

Fixed Index Annuity Income Calculator

Compare fixed index annuity annual lifetime income payouts. The amounts are the best fixed index annuity rates that are fixed for life, and there is a contractual guarantee that you will be paid this amount until you die.


How Do FIAs Work?

When you invest in an FIA, your money is not directly placed in the stock market. Instead, the interest you earn is based on the performance of a chosen market index, a fixed interest rate declared annually, or a combination of both. Here are the key mechanisms:

  • Participation Rate: This determines the percentage of the market gain credited to your annuity. For example, if the market index grows by 10% and your participation rate is 40%, your annuity will be credited with 4% interest.
  • Cap Rate: This is the maximum percentage gain that can be credited to your annuity in any period. If the market index grows by 10% but your cap rate is 6%, your annuity will be credited with 6% interest.
  • Minimum Guaranteed Accumulation Value: This ensures your annuity will not decrease in value even if the market performs poorly, providing a level of security for your investment.

Fixed Index Annuities: Pros and Cons

Fixed Index Annuities (FIAs) are financial products that offer a unique blend of security and potential for growth. However, like any investment, they come with both advantages and disadvantages. Here’s a detailed look at the pros and cons of FIAs.


1. Principal Protection

FIAs protect your principal from market downturns. Unlike variable annuities, your initial investment and any earned interest are safeguarded against negative market performance, ensuring you don’t lose your principal.

2. Growth Potential

FIAs offer the opportunity for growth linked to a market index, such as the S&P 500. While your gains are typically limited, you can benefit from a portion of the market’s upside without risking your principal. This allows for potential growth while ensuring the security of your initial investment. You can expect to earn between 4% and 7% as an average return over the contract term.

3. Tax-Deferred Growth

Earnings within an FIA grow on a tax-deferred basis. This means you won’t pay taxes on the interest or qualified contributions until you start receiving payments, allowing your investment to compound more efficiently over time.

4. Lifetime Income Options

FIAs often include options for guaranteed lifetime income, providing a steady stream of income that you cannot outlive. This can be a crucial component of retirement planning, ensuring financial security in your later years.

5. Flexible Payout Options

You can choose from various payout options, such as lump sum, periodic payments, or lifetime income. This flexibility allows you to tailor the annuity to meet your financial needs and goals.

6. Potential For Higher Returns Than Traditional Fixed Annuities

Since FIAs are linked to the performance of a market index, they often offer higher returns than traditional fixed annuities. This can be an attractive option for those seeking a balance between security and growth.

7. Inflation Protection

Some FIAs offer features that help protect against inflation, such as increasing income payments or adjustments based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This can help maintain your purchasing power over time.


1. Caps And Participation Rates

The growth potential in FIAs can be limited by caps on returns and participation rates. This means you might not fully benefit from high market performance, as there are limits on how much of the index gain you can earn. Most FIAs are uncapped or have high participation rates, but it’s essential to understand these terms in your specific contract.

2. Complexity

FIAs can be complex financial products with numerous terms and conditions. Understanding caps, participation rates, spreads, and fees can be challenging, making it important to read and comprehend the contract thoroughly. Contacting an annuity broker (like The Annuity Expert) is essential in guiding you (and it’s a free service, too).

3. Limited Liquidity

FIAs typically come with surrender charges if you withdraw funds within a certain period (usually 5-10 years). These charges can be significant, limiting your access to funds in emergencies. Typically, you can withdraw up to 10% annually without a penalty or charge. Surrender charges are also often waived for health-related emergencies.

4. Fees And Charges

FIAs usually have lower fees than variable annuities but can still include various charges, such as rider fees for additional benefits or higher growth potential and surrender charges. These fees can eat into your overall returns. You can expect between 0% and 1.5% annual fees on average.

5. Potential For Lower Returns In Strong Markets

Due to caps and participation rates, FIAs may underperform compared to direct stock market investments during strong market periods. Investors seeking maximum growth may find these limitations frustrating.

6. No Dividends

Most FIAs do not pay dividends, as they are not direct stock market investments. This can result in lower overall returns compared to direct investments in dividend-paying stocks. However, a few insurance companies may share their dividends within the interest earned (another reason to use an annuity broker).

7. Inflation Risk

If your FIA does not have an inflation protection feature, the fixed nature of the payouts may not keep up with rising costs of living, potentially diminishing your purchasing power over time.

Pros And Cons Of Fixed Index Annuities

Can You Lose Money In A Fixed Index Annuity?

Yes, you can lose money in a fixed indexed annuity, although it’s typically less common than with other investments. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Market Performance: While fixed indexed annuities (FIAs) are tied to market indices, they generally have a floor that prevents you from losing money due to poor stock market performance. This means that your principal is protected from market losses even if the market index performs poorly.
  • Fees and Charges: High fees, including surrender charges for early withdrawals, can erode your principal and earnings. Understanding all associated costs before committing to an indexed annuity is important.
  • Inflation: If the returns on your indexed annuity do not keep pace with inflation, the purchasing power of your money could decrease over time, impacting your overall financial well-being.
  • Credit Risk: The issuing insurance company’s financial health affects the security of your annuity. If the company faces financial difficulties, your investment could be at risk.

While FIAs offer protection against market downturns, it’s crucial to weigh these benefits against potential fees and the risk of not keeping up with inflation. Understanding these factors can help you make informed decisions about whether an indexed annuity is right for your financial goals.

Indexed Annuity Complaints

Indexed annuities can be complex financial products with significant variations in quality. Unfortunately, many indexed annuities are poorly designed, offering the owner limited growth potential or subpar benefits. This often results from inexperienced or captive advisors selling these products without fully understanding their implications. Common complaints include high fees, restrictive terms, and misleading sales tactics. It is crucial for potential buyers to thoroughly research and compare products, seeking advice from knowledgeable and independent financial advisors to avoid these pitfalls.

Real-Life Examples

Example #1: You invested $100,000 in an FIA with an S&P 500 strategy in 2016. Over five years, your annuity earned $49,000 in interest, reflecting nearly 49% growth, while your principal remained protected. This growth occurred despite market fluctuations, demonstrating the FIA’s ability to capture upside potential while ensuring your initial investment’s safety.

Example #2: In 2008, during the Great Recession, you invested $100,000 in an FIA. Over three years, the market experienced significant downturns. Despite the market losses, your annuity maintained a minimum guaranteed accumulation value, which is your original principal plus any interest earned or guaranteed minimum interest, ensuring that you did not lose any of your initial investment and even earned a small interest due to the fixed rate component of the FIA. This example highlights the security and resilience of FIAs during market volatility.

Annuity Rate Of Return

How We Can Help

At The Annuity Expert, we understand the challenges and concerns you face when planning for retirement. With 15 years of experience as an insurance agency, annuity broker, and retirement planner, we are committed to finding the best solutions at the lowest costs. We believe in empowering you with financial products that provide growth potential and security, ensuring a comfortable and stress-free retirement.

What Is A Fixed Index Annuity?

What We Recommend

  • Step 1: Initial Consultation
    • Schedule a free consultation with us to discuss your financial goals and current situation. During this session, we will listen to your needs and provide personalized advice on the best FIA options for you.
    • Benefit: Gain a clear understanding of how FIAs can fit into your retirement plan and provide peace of mind.
  • Step 2: Customized Plan Development
    • Based on our initial discussion, we will create a customized FIA plan tailored to your financial goals. This plan will include detailed projections and explanations of the benefits specific to your needs.
    • Benefit: Receive a tailored strategy that aligns with your financial objectives and provides a roadmap to achieve them.
  • Step 3: Implementation and Ongoing Support
    • Once you approve the plan, we will help you implement it and provide ongoing support to ensure it meets your evolving needs. We will regularly review your plan and make adjustments as necessary.
    • Benefit: Enjoy continuous support and expert guidance to keep your retirement strategy on track.

Features We Provide And Their Benefits

  • Expert Consultation: Our team offers personalized consultations to help you choose the best FIA options.
    • Benefit: Tailored advice that fits your unique financial situation.
  • Detailed Plan Development: We provide comprehensive plans with clear projections.
    • Benefit: Understand the potential growth and security of your investments.
  • Ongoing Support: Regular reviews and adjustments ensure your plan remains effective.
    • Benefit: Stay on track with your financial goals and adapt to changes.
  • Customizable Options: Add riders for enhanced income, long-term care, or death benefits.
    • Benefit: Ensure your annuity meets all your future needs and provides comprehensive coverage.

Addressing Common Objections

  • Complexity: FIAs can seem complicated, but our experts simplify the process and provide clear explanations.
  • Fees: While FIAs may have fees, the benefits often outweigh the costs. We focus on finding the most cost-effective options for you.
  • Risk: FIAs protect your principal from market downturns, offering a safe investment option with growth potential.

Choosing not to work with us means missing out on expert guidance, tailored strategies, and the peace of mind that comes from knowing your financial future is secure. Conversely, partnering with us ensures a well-structured retirement plan, personalized support, and financial stability.

Experience the relief and confidence of a secure financial future. Contact The Annuity Expert for free advice or a quote today.

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Questions From Our Readers

Which market index is typically associated with an indexed annuity rate of return?

Historically the S&P 500 index has been associated with index annuities. However, new and creative market indexes have been created to complement traditional indexes, such as volatility indexes, artificial intelligence, and ETFs.

Who regulates fixed and equity-indexed annuities?

State insurance commissioners oversee indexed annuities. Contact your state’s insurance commissioner with any queries regarding a specific annuity. You may also check whether the person sells an indexed annuity through the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA).

How do I buy a fixed indexed annuity?

You must purchase fixed index annuities through a licensed financial professional, typically an independent insurance agent.

What is the difference between a fixed index annuity and a variable annuity?

Fixed index annuities are an insurance product that gives you the potential to earn interest based on the performance of a stock market index without the risk of losing your principal. A variable annuity is an insurance product that gives you the potential to earn interest based on the performance of a stock market index. Still, you also have the risk of losing your principal.

What is the average return on a fixed indexed annuity?

The average return on a fixed indexed annuity is between 3% and 6% over the contract’s lifetime.

What are indexed accounts?

An indexed account is a type of account that is linked to an external index, such as the S&P 500. Indexed accounts are often used by investors who want to track the performance of a particular index.

Are fixed index annuities safe?

Yes, fixed index annuities are safe. Your annuity is linked to a financial index, so it will fluctuate with the market. However, you will not lose money if the market declines. Additionally, indexed annuities typically guarantee that you will not lose money even if the index declines.

Are fixed index annuities a good investment?

It depends. Fixed index annuities can be a good investment for some people. They offer the potential for growth but with the safety of a guarantee that you will not lose money if the market declines. However, fixed index annuities typically have higher fees than other annuities (fixed annuities).

Do fixed index annuities have fees?

Any fees associated with fixed index annuities are for an additional benefit or rider, such as a lifetime income rider, enhanced death benefit, extra liquidity, or higher upside potential.

What is the specified floor?

For most fixed index annuities, the specified floor, or the minimum interest rate, is typically 0%. This means that even if the market performs poorly, your account value will not decrease. This floor protects your annuity from market downturns, ensuring your principal investment remains safe.

What is the downside of fixed index annuities?

For most indexed annuities, the specified floor, or the minimum interest rate, is typically 0%. This means that even if the market performs poorly, your account value will not decrease. This floor protects your annuity from market downturns, ensuring your principal investment remains safe.

Which is better, fixed annuity or index annuity?

A fixed annuity offers a guaranteed rate of return and is a safer option, making it suitable for risk-averse investors. Conversely, an index annuity, while still providing a degree of safety, offers the potential for higher returns linked to market performance. This may appeal to those willing to accept some uncertainty for higher growth potential.

Are fixed and equity-indexed annuities the same?

Yes. Equity-index annuities is an old term referring to fixed index annuities.

How do you reallocate your funds in a fixed indexed annuity?

In an indexed annuity, your funds are typically allocated between a fixed account and an index-linked account. Reallocating funds here means adjusting the percentage of your money in these two accounts.

What is indexing?

Indexing is a financial strategy that seeks to track the performance of a specific market index. Indexes are composed of a basket of individual stocks or other securities, and they’re often used to measure the overall performance of a particular market or sector.

How does indexing work with fixed index annuities?

When you buy a fixed index-linked annuity, your account value will be indirectly linked to the performance of a specific market index. So if the index goes up, your account value will as well. And if the index goes down, your account value will remain the same.

Can caps, spreads, and participation rates increase or decrease in fixed indexed annuities?

Yes, caps, spreads, and participation rates in fixed indexed annuities can indeed increase or decrease. These elements are tied to the performance of a linked index and can vary based on the insurer’s strategies and market conditions. Caps set the maximum interest rate, spreads are fees deducted from the return, and participation rates determine how much of the index gain is credited to the annuity. Changes in these factors can impact the potential return of your investment.

Why would I replace my variable annuity with a fixed indexed annuity?

You might consider replacing your variable annuity with a fixed indexed annuity for more protection, as fixed indexed annuities often have less exposure to market volatility. Additionally, they typically have lower fees compared to variable annuities. In many scenarios, fixed indexed annuities can offer higher income potential, although this depends on various factors, including the specific terms of the annuities and market conditions.

Are fixed indexed annuities FDIC insured?

No. FIAs are not insured by the FDIC. They are governed by State Guaranty Associations.

How do fixed index annuities payout?

Fixed index annuities payout based on the performance of a chosen market index. They offer a guaranteed minimum return with the potential for higher earnings linked to the index. Payouts can be structured as lump sums, periodic payments, or lifetime income.

Are all indexed annuities fixed?

No, not all indexed annuities are fixed. RILA (Registered Index-Linked Annuities) are indexed annuities that are not fixed and can lose money based on market performance.

What are fixed index annuity cap rates?

Fixed index annuity cap rates are the maximum limits on the returns you can earn from the annuity based on the performance of the chosen market index. They limit the potential interest credited to your account, ensuring the insurer manages risk.

Can you add additional funds to a fixed indexed annuity?

Yes, you can add additional funds to flexible-premium fixed indexed annuities, which allow for multiple contributions over time. Single-premium fixed indexed annuities do not offer this flexibility.

Do fixed index annuities have a death benefit?

Yes, fixed index annuities typically include a death benefit, ensuring that beneficiaries receive the remaining account value or a guaranteed minimum amount if the annuitant dies.

What is the difference between a fixed index annuity and dual direction annuity?

A fixed index annuity offers interest based on a stock market index’s performance without the risk of losing principal. A dual direction annuity also credits interest based on index performance, but it provides interest credits for both gains and certain losses in the index, enhancing potential returns.

Shawn Plummer, CRPC

Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor

Shawn Plummer is a Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor, insurance agent, and annuity broker with over 14 years of first-hand experience with annuities and insurance. Since beginning his journey in 2009, he has been pivotal in selling and educating about annuities and insurance products. Still, he has also played an instrumental role in training financial advisors for a prestigious Fortune Global 500 insurance company, Allianz. His insights and expertise have made him a sought-after voice in the industry, leading to features in renowned publications such as Time Magazine, Bloomberg, Entrepreneur, Yahoo! Finance, MSN, SmartAsset, The Simple Dollar, U.S. News and World Report, Women’s Health Magazine, and many more. Shawn’s driving ambition? To simplify retirement planning, he ensures his clients understand their choices and secure the best insurance coverage at unbeatable rates.

The Annuity Expert is an independent online insurance agency servicing consumers across the United States. The goal is to help you take the guesswork out of retirement planning and find the best insurance coverage at the cheapest rates

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